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For three weeks during the month of August 2019, I got the incredible opportunity to volunteer at the Limbe Wildlife Centre in Cameroon. The LWC initially was the Victoria Zoo until 1993 when a partnership was born between the Pandrillus Foundation and Cameroon’s Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife in an effort to protect the local biodiversity and raise awareness about conservation. The Victoria Zoo then became a wildlife center focused on wildlife rehabilitation and conservation education. The animals there were orphaned as a result of human-wildlife conflicts such as bushmeat hunting or the pet trade. These are major issues in Cameroon and throughout Africa. Animals are often killed both legally and illegally for meat in unsustainable ways, and the infants are kept as pets in unfit living conditions for wild species. When they are rescued by authorities and brought the LWC, the animals are treated by their veterinary team and the rehabilitation process starts as they are integrated into conspecific groups and monitored by their team of specialists. Their mission is based not only on rehabilitation and release, but on educating the population to change views and opinions on wildlife and conservation so that these animals will be safe in the wild for as long as possible.

LWC information on the illegal pet trade
Educative and motivational posters for visitors
Poster to educate the public on national parks

My job as a volunteer at the Centre was that of an assistant animal keeper. During my time there, I would get to assist keepers throughout the five different sections at the sanctuary: gorillas, chimpanzees, guenons and mangabeys, Papios (drills, mandrills, baboons), and quarantine. Mornings at the Centre would begin with friendly greetings, handshakes, and hugs shared with everyone nearby. Limbe is indeed the friendliest town I have ever visited.


Working giving enrichment as a volunteer; masks and gloves are very important to prevent the spreading of zoonotic diseases!

One of the Head Keepers, Jonathan or Victor would then begin the morning with a general team meeting to discuss important news, tasks for the day, and to assign sections to all keepers. Once assigned to a section, the morning consisted of feeding, providing browse, and cleaning the enclosures of all animals. This experience surely shows how each species has their own little quirks. Chimps are definitely the loudest (and debatably the messiest to clean after), the gorillas hate being stared at, and monkeys oftentimes just want to cause mischief by taking your supplies! This experience gave me an appreciation for the quirks among individuals in a species, but even more so for the distinct personality traits between individuals. We all eventually formed our opinions on favorites and developed closer bonds more with some animals than with others.

Silverback male western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and his mate

Once all of that was finished, volunteers were usually asked to help create enrichment for the day.

Enrichment is environmental stimuli (often nutritional and structural) designed to improve the wellbeing of sanctuary animals by keeping them mentally and physically engaged and stimulating natural behavior they would be doing in the wild. For enrichment, we often made “leaf packs” (snacks wrapped in leaves and twine that primates must unpack to eat), as well as re-used and washed plastic bottles filled with browse and other nutritional supplements, boxes, and other variations. Some days the chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are given sticks to remove honey from crevices on a termite mount, to practice their tool use, or are given ice blocks with treats to try to break and melt. The idea is to induce critical thinking and problem-solving. At noon, everyone at the Centre breaks for lunch. A local Cameroonian dish is served in the meeting hall every day for volunteers and staff. This varies daily but sticks to a few main ingredients: rice and beans are popular, fish (as Limbe is a fishing town), oils, spices, and a traditional African meal fufu was very common. Fufu has multiple variations depending on what it is made with, but it is basically a dough-like food used to fill stomachs when food is scarce. The Cameroonian lunches were not my favorite part of the experience, but I was so grateful for people to share with me their food and culture.

Typical Cameroonian lunches, featuring fufu

In the afternoons, keepers were tasked with observing their animals for monitoring, which freed up time for volunteers to work on maintenance projects around the Centre with the construction team. During the time I was there, the LWC was working on building a new rehabilitation aviary for the rescued African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) in their care. So, my afternoons mostly consisted of helping in construction and painting. Other options included harvesting browse for animals, preparing food, etc. At one point, I was even offered the opportunity to help with observations. The LWC is dedicated to being knowledgeable about the specific animals in their care and providing the best possible care, so I was able to watch a group of guenons consisting of two species, mona monkeys (Cercopithecus mona) and putty-nosed guenons (Cercopithecus nictitans), to try to problem-solve some social issues they were having. Close observation and research are the best ways to learn about animals to make adaptations to their environments or social groups for their benefit. This gave me practice for my future career in primate research and helped them prevent monkey injuries due to conflict. If you are a long-term volunteer with the LWC, you have the option to start your own research project based on the observation of animals in their care.

Red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus)
Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona)

After work was always pleasant, returning to the volunteer house to shower, eat, and rest. Of course, it was different from my luxurious life in the US in almost every way. Shower water had to be warmed on the stove, and mosquito nets hung over the bed, but it truly brought one back to a simpler place in time.

Volunteer room
Volunteer house pets

Overall the work was hard and the days long but working at the sanctuary gave one a sense of pride in their work and a sense of meaning. Coming back to the house at the end of the night has a sense of camaraderie and belonging. All the little outside worries that exist in western society seemed to fade and no longer matter. With upbeat Cameroon music and delicious grilled chicken smell, and the extreme friendliness of locals in the air, it could truly make one rethink the meaning of home.

TotalAdventure does not currently have adventures in Cameroon, but we invite Cameroon companies to apply. TotalAdventure has some great trips to South Africa https://bit.ly/2WPNkPb

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During our stay in Cameroon, we visited Bimbia, was the largest slave trade site in all central Africa. It was quite harrowing and eerie to be there. It felt as if the site was alive with the spirits of the hundreds tortured and murdered there. Among the atrocities we witnessed was a feeding trough where people’s hands and feet were chained together, and they were made to eat with their mouths, hunched over. We saw large pillars where people were chained on top of each other and left to struggle until one remained. The survivor was then sent through the “door of no return” onto a boat to a small island. The island had no food or water and was a holding site for slaves waiting to be taken to the Americas or Europe, sometimes in abundance of two weeks.


We also learned that many tribes people came to Bimbia thinking there was a prosperous life with jobs there because many of their friends and family were taken there and never returned. Once they crossed the bridge into Bimbia, they were kidnapped, chained, and enslaved. It was a very painful place to witness firsthand, but certainly a worthwhile experience for anyone visiting central Africa.

The Gates of Bimbia
Bimbia Art
Am I not a man and a brother?
Informational Signs at Bimbia
Administrative building for accepting and processing slaves
Remains of a slave holding site

The site holds reenactments annually that involve rebuilding some areas of the site.
Pillars where people were left chained up
The door of no return
Feeding Trough
View of the island where captives were held for pickup
Freed slave statue in the village of Bimbia

TotalAdventure does not currently . have adventures in Cameroon, but we invite Cameroon companies to apply. For another exotic area in Africa, check out our trip to Ethiopia. https://totaladventure.travel/trips/203383

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A glimpse of Douala

I arrived at Douala airport (one of the two biggest cities in Cameroon) late in the evening August 10th, 2019. I was warned before arriving that I would very quickly and easily make friends. This was lucky for me because the very first person I met on the airplane was crucial to my making it safely to my destination. In Cameroon, people tend to be very kind and inviting. Perfect strangers helped me fill out paperwork, navigate the airport and safely find my driver.

Once I was in the car, the ride to the volunteer house was about an hour and a half. The city of Douala was such a culture shock- it was almost indescribable. Unfortunately, it was after midnight, so I could not see much, but what I did see was SO different. The city was nothing like my experience of a US city. The infrastructure from roads to buildings were seemingly dilapidated and old. Many markets and shops were simple tents or just products (like bed frames) laying on the side of the street.

Yet, much of the city was still very much awake at 1AM. There were clubs and bars full of people and loud music. The most mouthwatering smell of grilling chicken permeated the air everywhere we went.

Older cars and bikes were driving all over the road in a strictly Cameroonian way of driving. The traffic was another major culture shock. Laws that would be enforced in the US seemed more like suggestions here. Red lights don’t necessarily mean stop- they mean look before you go. Many roads were not divided into lanes, and the ones that were were completely ignored. Cars weaves around each other sometimes squeezing four side by side. Bikes, pedestrians, and cars shared the road equally.

Perhaps the scariest part is when we were stopped at two roadblocks- one leaving Douala and one entering Limbe- by police. They just wanted to check our identification, but they were holding very threatening machine guns and were not very friendly. The stretch between the cities was very natural and forested, but too dark to see anything.

Limbe

I woke up to the sounds of an animal orchestra outside of the research house. Combined with the sounds of all the primate species at Limbe wildlife center were the screeches of all the neighborhood chickens, cats, dogs, pigs, horses, and other unidentified animals.

Sunrise in Limbe

Limbe wildlife center is a major attraction of Limbe and the reason why I am here. The LWC is a wildlife education and conservation center. The animals kept here were orphaned as a result of bushmeat hunting or the pet trade. This is a huge issue in Cameroon and throughout Africa. Animals are often killed for meat, and the infants are kept as pets or trophies in horrible living conditions. They are rescued and brought the LWC for rehabilitation and to live with members of their own species. I am lucky enough to be spending 3 weeks volunteering at this sanctuary.

View from the Volunteer house

One of my first stops in Limbe was the local market “old market”. The most efficient way to get there is by motorbike. This was a totally new experience to me- clinging to the back of a bike in weaving traffic. The market was much like stores in Douala where tents or small wooden shelters cover the fruits and vegetables spread on burlap sacks on the ground. There were probably 20 or so shops at the market with a wide variety of African produce. Many merchants will help you find what you’re looking for, and you’re almost guaranteed to go home with a free sample of some new or unique produce.

The town of Limbe

Just a few blocks from the market is mars bar- a European themed restaurant and bar on Down Beach. Down beach is a black sand beach that stretches along the coast of Limbe. It is not very good for swimming because of the amount of litter, but it is popular for the fishing culture and economy of Limbe. The beautiful Mountain View and the sunset over the ocean also make it well worth the visit.

View of Down Beach from Mars Bar
Litter on Down Beach

Finally, another worthwhile attraction is the Limbe botanical garden. The garden is home to many beautiful (and some edible) plants. There is also a “naturalistic” amphitheater, a nearly 200-year-old cemetery, and plenty of beautiful views. While you are there, be sure to check out Hot Spot, a restaurant within the garden that has delicious burgers, and sometimes even cheeseburgers- which are extremely rare in Limbe.

Entrance to Botanical Garden
Limbe Botanical Garden
Overgrown ampitheater
Cemetery at Botanical Garden
Childrens swing set at Botanical Garden

Overall, the breathtaking nature, incredibly sweet and welcoming people, and the laid-back lifestyle of Limbe made it one of my all-time favorite destinations.

TotalAdventure does not currently . have adventures in Cameroon, but we invite Cameroon companies to apply. For another exotic area in Africa, check out our trip to Ethiopia. https://totaladventure.travel/trips/203383

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From Samarkand Uzbekistan, TotalAdventure went by automobile to Tashkent where we boarded Air Uzbekistan for the 90 minute flight to Almaty, former capital of Kazakhstan . There will soon be a brief video of our three day stay while we prepared for .our Kyrgyzstan Adventure. Above is Zenkov Cathedral. Almaty remains a very Russian city.

Architecture is reminiscent of Siberia, just a few thousand kilometers to the North.

Soviet style coal plants in the distance. Our air was clean, but it can get dirty in winter.

A Kazakh Government Ministry Building.

Horse Kebab ! Very tasty and low fat.

The surrounding region is arid steppe, with the snowy Tien Shan Mountain range nearby. This article will be updated soon, with more information and a short video. To read about TotalAdventure’s voyage across Central Asia, read the following articles on Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

May 4th
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In February, TotalAdventure returned to Cuba for a third time. The purpose of the voyage was to seek out new Eco Destinations. After 3 days in Havana, we headed East. The video above takes you on our incredible adventure, at times less than 100 miles from Florida !

We drove 500 miles ( 800 km ) toSantiago de Cuba.

The total trip was over 1000 miles ( 1600Km) This is the way to see the real Cuba. Several days of the voyage we saw no tourists at all.

On the Gulf of Mexico in Pinar del Río .
Matanzas. Highest Bridge In Cuba.

El Faro Matanzas.

River flowing to Ocean, Matanzas.

Saturday Night in Santa Clara.

February is Pineapple Season. Cost 1 CUP, about 4 cents US.

TotalAdventure always stays in AirBnb or Casas Particulares, supporting local people.

February 24,2019 , a Sunday, was a national referendum to determine if the Constitution should be amended. 92% voted in favor.

We arrived in Santiago de Cuba in the middle of the night.

The View of Santiago Harbor from our casa particular.

The Caribbean coastline is rugged in most spots.

The beaches have a remote feel, but are easily accessed by nearby roads.

Many idyllic beaches would be prime for ecotourism.

Snorkeling and diving have great potential.

Lunch CUC 10 ( US $ 10.) Privately owned restaurant on beach.

Goats foraging out of the mid day sun.

Cuba’s Highest Mountains, about 6000 feet, 2000m.

Camaguey Cathedral.


Back in Havana.

A horse dines east of Trinidad.

TotalAdventure returns to Cuba this week May 6,2019 to take part in FIT Cuba in Havana. TotalAdventure will be meeting with ecotourism providers to add educational, sustainable tourism. We believe that Cuba’s natural beauty should be shared with their neighbors so close to the North, as well as explorers from all over the world. We look forward to meeting with our colleagues in Havana !

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Article creating demands a completely – trained innovative mind. It does not have to be difficult. Creating skills even have business. Composing skills up there’s uncomplicated buy paper Improv. Language essay is a specific sort of writing that’s oftentimes related to any or all programs. For the moment, however, beginners are going to understand the essential composition structure. (more…)

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Casino Explained

When it is likely to make sure that you find the sort of casino that offers certain sorts of discussion programs for you to relish, you are going to become familiar with people from through the planet, visit ! Hence, online casinos no longer require an audit in the slightest. Be sure you count upon the online casino with positive reviews from the last clients as it is a symptom of a good standing. A suitable on-line casino holds a travel involving wealthy and enigmatic world.

Whispered Casino Keys

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Casino – the Story

On line casinos enable gamers to pick definitely https://attain.site/slot8.htm free casino matches he or she wishes to playwith. While every online casino is PC friendly, the specific same can’t be said for Macintosh computers. Consequently, before signing to get a specific on line casino, then you want to make certain that you consider some problems.

Some Ideas, Formulas and Techniques for Casino

Due to of the above mentioned set of reasons, it’s perhaps not too tricky to realise why online-casinos have been proven to be so popular among gamblers out of every one of areas of life. Online casinos furnish you with instructions in regards to the numerous bonuses that are available on offer. The internet casino ought to be valid and dependable. If it’s live chat, there’s very little to be accomplished. To ensure you won’t get cheated, you need to locate a certified on-line casino.

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What Exactly Does Casino Mean?

Some casinos will provide you a bonus, for example, up into the first five deposits. Moreover, they ought to think of some barriers that could impede the adoption of technology via a normal player. Ensures that there are additional on-line casinos along with extra on line casinos means competition between the online casino homes.

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Now you find out why casinos want to choose a max limit in all games. Some on-line casinos additionally will give you an additional bonus in the event that you play an outstanding deal or whether you encourage friends to play through the casino too. Since the beginning of the 2000s, large online casinos also have established non profit audit associations to demonstrate their fairness.

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Whatever the case, if you don’t win you may nonetheless have the capability to play for as long as you’d like in casinos. On line casinos normally have many rooms or hours that offer a variety of card expenses. As an extra advantage many the massive online casinos accept quite a few monies so that people in various corners of the planet might possibly be playing the specific same match.

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News – the Story

Three the headlines is not significant. Second, bogus news is most likely going to get side effects that stretch beyond election outcomes. Due to the accelerated expansion of the number of social networking users, it might reach a vital mass of people very quickly. It’s simple to say fake news is definitely an problem. Fake news is actually a problem in society we’ve to improve this. According to Ces Drilon, one of reasons why it might be very persuasive is that large quantities of it can make it believable. Producing top quality news may be costly undertaking and without the capital required to encourage more production we’re not able to keep on.

The stories would like to be told and the journalists want to share with the story. Stories never go how you anticipate beforehand. All these stories were popular at some point within the last month or two.

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The headlines is totally insane right now! In the usa, Foxnews was incredibly successful in receiving the remainder of mainstream media to discuss things that Fox would like to talk about. There are a lot of fresh means of filtering and understanding the headlines headlines emerging so that you won’t need to experience the constant barrage, and yet still be educated in order to grasp. Folks may easily access a lot of data and news through social networking platforms around the web. The fantastic thing is that you never will need to perform that. Or maybe you see you don’t really have all that news with any form of discipline or regularity.

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Asking people that you honor where and how they receive their news can be a wonderful way to begin. Celebrity news is very entertaining but furthermore works as exposure and publicity. Once you start to understand that all new disclosure doesn’t fully alter everything immediately, you begin to discover the headlines as a thread that is longer. Back in the last couple of days, the Yale Daily News has just taken a significant bit of heat. Headlines should lure you in. Headlines and teasers are often very suggestive, but in the middle of a complete article or drawn-out segment it becomes quite clear what kind of evidence actually exists.

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Whispered Bodybuilding Secrets

If you are a new comer to bodybuilding and you also may love to improve the direction you look, listed below are a few helpful tips out of a life hack website which will enable you lots! Bodybuilding is just a wonderful idea. It is now a trend in recent decades, and more and more young men start modeling their entire body and obtaining muscles to seem attractive.

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The Upside to Bodybuilding

Describe the number of weeks you must daily diet, as a means to reduce or lose weight. A high protein diet can be considered the perfect diet, however if you should be burning 2000 calories daily every day and absorbing 3,000 calories then you’ll acquire weight. The ketogenic diet is extremely individualistic and versatilewhen modified, it is easily adapted to meet your practice routines no matter whether it’s high-intensity or low-intensity. Therefore it’s apparent a suitable muscle building diet is an all-important part of a bodybuilding routine. A great muscle building diet takes discipline and preparation, however it is the most useful things you can do so as to secure maximum muscle at minimum time and also the smallest volume of work.